George Fitzgerald Smoot

PCCP chair, Chair of the Endowment Fund "Physics of the Universe"

After the discovery of the Cosmic Microwave Background by Arno Penzias and Robert Wilson, George Smoot concentrated on the question still unsolved in this field: the Universe's structure at a large scale. Therefore, towards the end of the 1970s, he oriented his studies towards the detection of temperature variations, called anisotropies. He submited the proposal for a cosmology satellite to NASA. On the 18th of November 1989, COBE was launched. After more than two years of observation and studies, the COBE team led by George Smoot, announced the discovery of minuscule fluctuations in the Cosmic Microwave Background, an event immediately praised by the scientific community. He tells the story of this adventure in his book "Wrinkles in Time", published in 1994.



In the last years, George Smoot has been very active in observational cosmology, through his participation in several experiments or projects and many scientific publications. George Smoot was hired as professor of the University Paris Diderot in February 2010.

Nobel Prize funds will be donated to Fellowships: 

Berkeley Nobel laureates donate prize money to charity  SF Gate

New Nobel Laureate Donates Prize Money to Local Charity 
The Daily Californian


Many have interpreted my research work as having something to say about religion, proof of God, and creation1 / creation2.

The Way We Will Be 50 Years From Today Essay

Photo archive / B&W photos

Biography - From April 1994 CURRENT BIOGRAPHY


Questions from the Edge - scroll down to see Dr. Smoot's response to the question: What are you optimistic about?

OMNI Magazine Interview 1994 

"The Fingerprint of Creation" Discover Magazine Article 1992


Short Biography: 

Press release bio and COBE discovery: 

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