George Fitzgerald Smoot
After the discovery of the Cosmic Microwave Background by Arno Penzias and Robert Wilson, George Smoot concentrated on the question still unsolved in this field: the Universe's structure at a large scale. Therefore, towards the end of the 1970s, he oriented his studies towards the detection of temperature variations, called anisotropies. He submited the proposal for a cosmology satellite to NASA. On the 18th of November 1989, COBE was launched. After more than two years of observation and studies, the COBE team led by George Smoot, announced the discovery of minuscule fluctuations in the Cosmic Microwave Background, an event immediately praised by the scientific community. He tells the story of this adventure in his book "Wrinkles in Time", published in 1994.
In the last years, George Smoot has been very active in observational cosmology, through his participation in several experiments or projects and many scientific publications. George Smoot was hired as professor of the University Paris Diderot in February 2010.
Nobel Prize funds will be donated to Fellowships:
New Nobel Laureate Donates Prize Money to Local Charity
The Daily Californian
Many have interpreted my research work as having something to say about religion, proof of God, and creation1 / creation2.
Questions from the Edge - scroll down to see Dr. Smoot's response to the question: What are you optimistic about?